Glossary

Glossary

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  • Abreaction - action during which emotionally charged repressed memories are brought into the consciousness.
  • Addiction - physical or psychological dependence on a fix, substance, physical object, person, event or action, the absence of which results in craving and physical or psychological discomfort or pain.
  • Altered State of Consciousness (ASC) - any mental state that is non-ordinary for the particular individual.
  • Amnesia - inability to recall – past, event(s), situations, people, trauma.
  • Analgesia - insensitivity to pain.
  • Anchoring - process of associating internal response with some desired / conditioned external trigger best suited so that the response may be quickly re-accessed.
  • Anxiety - feeling of apprehensive uneasiness, fear, and degree of terror often characterized by dread or anticipation of threat.
  • Auditory - relating to sense of hearing.
  • Auto-hypnosis - self-hypnosis.
  • Auto-Suggestions - suggestions made to oneself.
  • Behavior - specific physical actions and reactions / cause and effect through which we interact with people and environment around us or recollection of memory of.
  • Behavior Modification - changing or eliminating undesirable behaviour / patterns.
  • Behavioral Flexibility - ability to vary one's behaviour in order to elicit a desired response from another person / group.
  • Bruxism - gnashing or grinding of teeth.
  • Calibration - process of reading another person's unconscious responses, through non-verbal responses.
  • Catalepsy - rigidity of body or part of the body.
  • Catharsis - act of releasing strong charged emotions – energetic constricted emotions.
  • Cognitive - pertains to thinking, knowing, and understanding of internal processing of information and responses.
  • Compulsion - act a person repeats, feels driven to keep repeating, often against his or her will.
  • Confabulation - falsification of memory, due to a partial amnesia.
  • Congruence - when all of person's individual belief systems, strategies and behaviors are fully in agreement.
  • Context - framework surrounding a particular event / situation.
  • Convulsion - involuntary expression of spasm or muscular activity.
  • Counter Suggestion - suggestion given to a person to displace or challenge a core or fixed idea or belief.
  • Criteria - values or standards (integrity, values, morals, ethics) a person uses to make judgments and decisions.
  • Defence Mechanism - self-protection system / fight or flight, designed to lessen or repress certain thoughts, feelings or memories from entering the conscious mind.
  • Delusion - a false idea or belief or condition producing through past conditioning.
  • Dissociation - distancing or separating an individual from directly reliving an event, situation, relationship or a scene - e.g. viewing an event as if it were happening to someone else.
  • Emotional Outlet - action or a way that serves to release mental and emotional energy.
  • Euphoria - a state of extreme well-being and pleasure.
  • Fascination Point - object / place that serves as a focus point during hypnotic induction.
  • Fractionation - guiding the individual couple times through different levels of trance, or placing them deliberately in and out of trance, for purposes of increasing depth of trance.
  • Free Association - spontaneous outpouring of associated ideas from the subconscious without any external censorship.
  • Free Floating Anxiety - feelings / emotions of apprehension or dread that cannot be traced to any particular source.
  • Future Pacing - process of mentally rehearsing repeatedly oneself through a future situation in order to ensure that the desired outcome will occur naturally and automatically.
  • Glove Anaesthesia – a specialised technique where by the individual is thought to create a feeling of numbness in his / her hand and then transfer that feeling to a part of the body where pain relief is desired.
  • Gustatory - relating to a sense of taste.
  • Habit Formation - a learned / conditioned process of reacting brought about through repetition of certain actions.
  • Heterohypnosis – applying hypnosis on another individual (other than one's self).
  • Hyperaesthesia - heightened sensitivity to stimuli.
  • Hypnodontics - using hypnosis in dentistry.
  • Hypnos - Greek god of sleep.
  • Hypnosis - state of heightened suggestibility.
  • Hypnotherapy - therapeutic use of hypnosis.
  • Ideomotor Response (Signaling) - involuntary movement of part/s of the physical body by the subconscious reaction as a result of a suggestion or a question.
  • Imagination - ability of the mind to construct or reorganize sensory data from an experience of outer or inner world, real or imagined.
  • Induction - act of inducing, causing or producing a state of hypnosis.
  • Introspection - self-observation of one's thoughts and feelings.

Kinesthetic - relating to bodily sensations, including tactile, visceral and feelings.

Lethargic State - extremely relaxed state in which an individual may display symptoms of slurred speech and inability to move.

  • Mental Rehearsal - rehearsing a future event through the imagination.
  • Multiple Personality - psychological state an individual maintains two or more distinct personalities usually without any conscious recognition between them.
  • Negative Hallucination - not perceiving something which is present.
  • NLP - Neuro-Linguistic Programming: study of the structure of subjective human experience.
  • Obsession - extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder OCD - extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behaviours, both of which occur in ritualistic and unavoidable fashion.
  • Olfactory - relating to sense of smell.
  • Outcome - goal or a state that a person desires to achieve.
  • Pacing - matching or mirroring a behaviour of another for the purpose of establishing rapport.
  • Pain - uncomfortable sensation experienced either through body, mind or both.
  • Panic Disorder - high level of anxiety accompanied by sudden intense episodes of pain.
  • Parts - independent programs and strategies of behaviour, metaphorically speaking.
  • Phobia - intense fear of some specific object or situation.
  • Placebo - object (usually a substance) without any intrinsic value, producing effect due to individual's belief and expectation of desired effect.
  • Positive Hallucination - perceiving something that is not present.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - psychological and emotional disturbance following the stresses outside the range of normality of the individual's experience.
  • Post-Hypnotic Suggestion - a suggestion given in hypnotic state that is to be carried out after emergence out of hypnotic state.
  • Projection – attributes to one's one thoughts and feelings to another person.
  • Pseudo-Memories - false memories that a person beliefs to be accurate.
  • Rapport - the presence of harmony, trust and cooperation in relationship.
  • Regression - experiencing and exploring an earlier time (event), life as if it is occurring now.
  • Representational systems - five senses : seeing, smelling, hearing, feeling (touching), tasting.
  • Secondary Gain - positive function of undesirable behaviour.
  • State - complete mental and physical condition from which a person is acting.
  • Strategy - a set of explicit mental and behavioural steps used to achieve a specific outcome.
  • Time Distortion - to experience time - seems time has either sped up or slowed down.
  • Trance - state of hyper suggestibility.
  • Visual - sense of sight.
  • Well-Formed Outcome - outcome stated in positive, initiated and maintained by the individual, sensory based, testable in experience, and ecological.